Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition of the brain that makes it difficult to control behavior. It affects more than 10 million school-aged boys and girls, adolescents, and adults. Three times as many boys are diagnosed with ADHD than girls. Symptoms persist into adulthood in as many as 60 percent of cases.
People with ADHD have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors, and in some cases, are overly active. Although these characteristics are present to some extent in everyone, when the symptoms are developmentally extreme, pervasive, and persistent, it might be ADHD.
Although individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can be very successful in life, without identification and proper treatment, ADHD may have serious consequences. This includes:
- school failure
- family stress and disruption
- problems with relationships
- substance abuse
- risk for accidental injuries
- job failure
Therefore, early identification and effective treatment are extremely important. For an individual to be diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms must interfere with normal daily activities and be present at levels that are not in line with his or her stage of development.
While the exact causes of ADHD are not fully known, research points to genetics (passed down through families) as a strong link to the disorder. Low birth weight, mothers smoking while pregnant, and other problems during pregnancy may also be possible risk factors that contribute to ADHD.
Caring for Someone with ADHD
If you care for a child or teenager with ADHD, chances are your journey has been long and frustrating. The research shows that Mom, Dad and teachers often disagree on the “problem” when observations are collected using only rating scales. Sometimes, when ADHD is diagnosed by a doctor or psychologist, there is reluctance to use medications.
Many families have reported that objective information from a Quotient ADHD Test helps them to see the severity of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, and therefore agree on the diagnosis. By also helping to see the progress, the Quotient report can get everyone on the same page and promote productive discussion on next steps to stay on track.